IEC Disc on Menstrual Cycle
Every woman has a pair of ovary in the body. During puberty period the 'ovaries' of the uterus starts functioning due to the normal change in the body. In between the age of 10 to 17 the ovaries starts producing a mature 'ovum' each month, and it travels towards the womb through the 'fallopian tube' for fertilization.If the ovum does not meet the 'sperm', the inner lining of the uterus dissolves. This process is called 'Menstruation', it continues for 3 to 7 days, in 25 to 35 days duration.
Every month a mature ovum is released from the ovary and it travels to the uterus for fertilization. The inner layer of the uterus becomes thicken to receive the matured ovum.
The inner lining becomes thicker with blood & fluid. This happens because if the egg(ovum) is fertilized, it can grow & develop in the lining.
The mature ovum waits for 24 hours alive in the fallopian tube. If the fertilization does not occur then the ovum dies & it come to the center of uterus.
After the dead ovum passes through the vagina the thicken lining sloughs off and form menstrual flow, which passes out of the body through vagina.