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Community Awareness Report of -2015 Community Awareness Report of -2016

Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health

Adolescence is the period between late childhoods to early adulthood defined differently by different bodies. According to the UN agencies the people between 10 to 19 yrs are Adolescents.

Adolescents are of three categories:

  • Early Adolescents 10 to 13 years
  • Middle Adolescents 14 to 16 years
  • Late Adolescents 17 to 19 years

There is a phenomenal jump during early Adolescent period. The frontal lobe of the brain, which is the locus of problem solving, planning, memory, critical thinking and mood modulation develops during this stage, and this area of brain is fully matures by 18 years of age and acts as commander- in- chief of the body.


This is Responsible for, Planning, organization, Judgement, Problem solving, Emotional control etc.

Scientists believe that the TEEN YEAR may be a critical time to exercise the brain, and the adolescent who learn to marshal their thought, measure their impulses and think abstractly may lay important neural foundations which lasts through out life time.

On the other hand- Trauma, abuse, neglect, excessive use of drugs, alcohol can also change the circuit of the brain scrambling both it’s architecture and chemistry.

These influences can significantly and negatively affect the brain function and learning capacity. By that it LIMITS THE ADOLESCENTS FUTURE CHOICES & OPPORTUNITIES.

GLOBAL ADOLESCENTS PROBLEM

  • 4 million adolescents attempt suicide; Girls are 3 times more than boys,
  • 1/10 th of all births occur in teen age pregnancy
  • 20 % of school children are regular smoker
  • In US 1 in 10 suffer from mental diseases
  • Youth unemployment between 36 % to 66 %

PROBLEM OF ADOLESCENTS IN INDIA

  • Not considered as a distinct group (Tripartite age groups)
  • Health/reproductive health/nutritional needs ignored
  • Gap between onset of puberty and age at marriage widening: incidence or possibility of premarital sexual activity increasing
  • Adolescents: prone to risky behaviour in a fast changing world
  • Substantial share in number with STDs/RTI infection
  • Among HIV+ persons they constitute the largest number
  • Smoking, drinking, substance abuse among them
  • Adolescent girls and gender-based discrimination: low social worth, early marriage, teenage pregnancy, and unsafe motherhood
  • Increasing incidence of sex abuse

ADOLESCENTS’ CONCERNS

  • No access to authentic knowledge of reproductive and sexual health
  • Adult world considers them problems; does not appreciate
  • Neither family nor schools equip them to manage their ARSH concerns

WHY ADOLESCENTS BE FOCUSED

  • To cope with different growth & development during this phase
  • Low age at marriage
  • Low age at pregnancy
  • Unsafe abortion
  • Lack of knowledge on reproductive health
  • Exploitation of the girls as wage labourers
  • Lack of awareness of the community on the adolescent issues
  • Lack of proper health and hygienic status

Adolescents are different from adults

  • They have different needs because of their physical and psychological stages
  • They have different cognitive abilities and skills, requiring different counselling approaches and more time.
  • They tend to be less well informed and require more information.
  • Conflicts between cultural/parental expectations and adolescents’ emerging values present serious challenges for young people.

Adolescence is a critical age for risk-taking

  • Adolescents are moving toward independence, and tend to experiment and test limits, including practicing risky behaviour.
  • Using substances or drugs for the first time typically occurs during adolescence.
  • Sexual experiences (not always voluntary) usually begin during adolescence.
  • Consequences of risky behaviours can have serious and long-term effects.

Adolescence is an opportune time for professional interventions

  • Adolescents are undergoing educational and guidance experiences in school, at home, and through religious institutions; health education can be part of these efforts.
  • Life-long health habits are established in adolescence.
  • Interventions can help adolescents make good decisions and take responsibility for their actions, often preventing serious negative consequences for their future.
  • There are many effective channels for reaching adolescents: through schools, religious institutions, youth organizations, community and recreational activities, parental communication, peer education, the media and health service facilities.

ADOLESCENCE EDUCATION

Objectives:

  • To provide knowledge & inculcate positive attitude in respect of ARSH
  • To promote respect for opposite sex and responsible sexual behaviour
  • To develop needed skills to cope with and manage ARSH concerns

WHY EDUCATION IN ARSH SKILLS?

  • Even after acquiring knowledge learners lack ability to manage challenges of life
  • Skills translate knowledge and attitude into actual abilities
  • Skills develop proper perceptions of self-efficacy and self esteem
  • Developing ARSH Skills is needed because traditional support system is waning in the fast changing world

STAGES OF ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT

Early Adolescence (10-13)yrs:

  • Onset of puberty and rapid growth
  • Impulsive, experimental behaviour
  • Beginning to think abstractly
  • Adolescent’s sphere of influence extends beyond her/his own family
  • Increasing concern with image and acceptance by peers

Middle Adolescence (14-16)yrs

  • Continues physical growth and development
  • Starts to challenge rules and test limits
  • Develops more analytical skills; grater awareness of behavioural consequences
  • Strongly influenced by peers, especially on image and social behaviour
  • Increasing interest in sex; special relationships begin with opposite sex
  • Greater willingness to assess own beliefs and consider others

Late Adolescence (17-19)yrs

  • Reaches physical and sexual maturity
  • Improved problem solving abilities
  • Developing greater self-identification
  • Peer influence lessons
  • Reintegration into family
  • Intimate relationships more important than group relationships
  • Increased ability to make adult choices and assume adult responsibilities
  • Movement into vocational life phase

Reference:

whoindia.org/LinkFiles/Adolescent_Health_and_Development_(AHD)_UNFPA_Country_Report.pdf
Recent News & Events
  • 1. 597 nodal teachers were trained in Life skills & SRH education program in 2014.
  • 2. Consultation meeting with commissioner-cum-Project director ,OPEPA , Odisha for rolling out the intervensions in all KGBVs of Odisha .
  • 3. 90 peer educators organized Community Awareness Program on Life skills & SRH during summer vacation (May and June) 2014.
  • 4. Consultation meeting with commissioner-cum-secretary ,SC and ST development department for upscaling the intervention in 30 districts of Odisha.
  • 5. Organised training for 41 newly inducted District Resource persons on LSE & ARSH .
  • 6. Organised training for 55 newly inducted KISS teachers on LSE & ARSH .
  • 7. Organised Capacity building training on life skills based SRH education for 66 teacher educators under DIET at Puri from 3rd to 5th Sept'14.
  • 8. Organised Training program on Life Skills based SRH education for 30 Gender Coordinators under OPEPA at Puri from 2nd to 4th Sept'14 .
Recent Visitors
  • Visit of Dr. Mark Derueuw, the Deputy Country Representative, UNFPA India.
  • Visit of Mrs. Aparajita Sarangi, Commissioner cum Secretary, School & Mass Education Department, Government of Odisha.
  • Visit of Shri Vilasrao Deshmukh, Hon'ble Union Minister of Science & technology and Earth Sciences, Government of India.
  • Visit Of Dr. Dinesh Agarwal UNFPA, New Delhi.
  • Mr. Anders Thomsen, Deputy Representative India, UNFPA visited and witnessed the Nodal Teachers Training Programme.
  • Mr. S.K. Popli, Director, SSD Department, Govt. of Odisha will visited and witnessed the Nodal Teachers Training Programme.
  • Visit of Ms. Frederika Meijer, Representative, UNFPA, India